Top Rail: The top part of the table; the cushions and pockets
are attached to the top rails and the rails are fastened to the playing
Blind Rail or Blind Apron: Attached to the side of the top
rail. The blind apron finishes off the top of the table and it covers
the edge of the slate, cloth and slate support pad providing a finished
Cushion, Cushion Rubber: The pliable rubber cushion bumper
that is attached to the top rail. The cushion is what the ball makes
contact with when playing pool.
K-66: A triangular profile cushion rubber (B.C.A. approved
for over 35 years).
Facing: A hard rubber lining attached to the top rail at the
pocket cut. This rubber lining finishes the top rail covering exposed
wood that could damage the pool balls.
Sights: Markers inlayed into the top rail. The markers dissect
the playing surface assigning numeric values to each sight allowing
players to plan their shot commonly known as "the diamond system".
Playing Surface: The flat area between the top rails and the
cushions where the game is played.
Synthetic Playing Surface: Man made artificial materials used
to create a playing surface commonly called "perma slate"
or "honey comb".
Genuine Slate: A deep mined metamorphic rock, millions
of years old, extremely stable and durable. Resists temperature and
humidity changes, precision honed and surfaced. Can be leveled to
a dead flat surface. The only surface approved by the B.C.A. for tournament
Cloth: A blended wool and nylon fabric used to cover the rail/cushions
and playing surface. An assortment of colors are now available to
fit any décor.
Frame Liner and Slate Support Pad: The slate rests on the top
of the table cabinet assists in fusing the frame together and supports
the playing surface. The frame liner is critical when anchoring the
slate surface to the frame cabinet.
Frame Cabinet, Frame: The large wood cabinet between the playing
surface and the legs.
Cross Bracing: Support beams that run across the width of the
interior frame cabinet.
Center Bracing: Support beam(s) that run down the center of
the interior frame cabinet.
Leg Gusset, Leg Mount: The interior frame support system for
the table leg.
KD or Knock Down Design: A frame cabinet design that can be
dis-assembled and re-assembled.
Unibody, Assembled or Fused Design: A frame cabinet design
that cannot be dis-assembled.
Leg or Pedestal: Positioned under the frame cabinet. Supports
the entire playing area and frame cabinetry.
Hardware/Fasteners: Nuts, bolts, screws and staples used to construct
the components of the pool table.
Pocket: Attached to the top rails. Assists in unitizing the
top rails for play. Stores or holds the ball(s) when a shot is made.
Finish: Type of coating applied to the outside components to
give color, seal and final finished appearance.
Seal Coat: A coating used to seal internal frame cabinet components.
Particle Board, Pressed Wood: A combination of soft wood flakes,
chips and sawdust bonded together with a synthetic adhesive to create
a sheet of material.
Plywood, Veneer Core: layered wood material cross-laminated
from thin sheets of plies of veneer to create a sheet of material.
Hard Board, Density Board, Fiber Board: Hardwood chips processed
into individual fibers blended with resins and pressed together under
intense heat and pressure creating a sheet of material; harder, heavier
and denser sheet with smooth surfaces and consistent thickness.
Hardwood: A slow growing material that is very stable and strong.
Typically has beautiful grain patterns and is much more expensive
Soft Wood: A fast growing material that is very soft, it typically
has a large grain pattern because of its rapid growth.
Kiln Dried: This term is used in the lumber industry when referring
to lumber that has been placed into a large kiln and dried to a certain
moisture content. Kiln dried wood is more stable than air-dried wood,
reducing the possibility of warping or cracking.
Solid Hardwood: Denotes the part is made of solid hardwood
Solid Wood: The table will be constructed of a combination
of solid hardwood and softwood lumber.
All Wood: A variety of materials derived from wood will be
B.C.A. AKA Billiard Congress of America: Governing body of
1) Be aware of sales gimmicks that may mislead you. Ask direct questions:
"Is this solid cherry wood or a cherry finish?"
It is common for consumers
to think they are getting an expensive hardwood, but in reality, they
are buying a lesser grade material finished to match a particular
species of hardwood.
2) As in most everything we buy, there are different levels of hardwoods.
The highest quality hardwoods available are known as "FAS"
grade. Material is graded at the lumber mills and sorted for clarity
and color; "FAS" is the "premier" grade.